I. Josiah’s reforms in eighteenth year of his reign... (622bc)

The book of the law was discovered in the temple. From Moses.

Legal norms, northern shrine,,, made the core of Deut., covenant faith represented by these codes.

Pagan alters and images demolished, cult prostitutes banished or put to death, same with astrologers, high places shut down, priests transferred to Jerusalem

Political...declaration of independence from foreign control... lead to brief independence.

Overly confident premise was reform would lead to success....Josiah killed at Megiddo in 609.

Egypt (609-605) And Babylon 605-539 reigned.

Jehoiakim ( 609-598) as bad compared to Josiah as Manasseh compared to Hezekiah,)

Son Jehoiachim Dec 598 to Mar 597)

He withheld tribute to Nebuchadrezzer..

597 Nebuchadrezzer captured Jehoiachin to Babylon...

Replaced by Zedekiah (597-587) Zedekiah more of a regent. ( 589) He expected Egyptian assistance and joined Ammon and Tyre in rebellion against Babylon.

Jan 588 Nebuchadrezzer’s armies invaded Palestine and destroyed Lachish and Debir

Egyptian army arrived, briefly and were driven back

July 587 Nebuchadrezzer’s forces breached the walls,

Zedekiah was captured near Jericho, forced to witness the slaughter of his sons, then had his eyes gouged out and taken to Babylon

Now administered by Governor Gedaliah 587

Assassinated by Ishmael

582 Babylon deported one-third of the nation to Babylonia.


JEREMIAH, the weeping prophet.

Mood ....despair

Personality..... Manic, depressive...

Call in 627

18 years in Josiah career

Early years silent period, or inept and naive person who later spoke,,, or wrong date.

Maybe twenty-third year rather than eighteenth

In any event throughout the entire period, and at last exile,, taken to Egypt against his wished.

Wore a wooden yoke, replaced with yoke of iron.

His works may have been written by his scribe, Baruch, after writings were thrown into the fire.

1:7 Word of the lord came to Jeremiah... I do not know how to speak for I am only a youth, Do not say I am only a youth, for to all to whom I send you, you shall go and whatever I command you, you shall speak.

I have set you this day over nations and over kingdoms to pluck up and to break down to destroy and to overthrow. To build and to plant.

Attack on Israel’s (Judah’s) apostasy...idols,

2:36 You shall be put to shame by Egypt.

3:1. You have played the harlot with many lovers.

3:6, After Israel Judah did not fear and went and played the harlot, she committed harlotry with stone and tree.

5:1 Search her squares to see if you can find a man, one who does justice and seeks the truth that I may pardon her.

5:6 Lion, wolf and leopard

5:8. They are well fed stallions each neighing after his neighbor’s wife.

Word in your mouth a fire

Shall I not punish for these things.5:29

6:14 They say peace, peace when there is no peace., they did not know how to blush

6:22 people coming from the North

6:29 refining fire

9:1 O that my head were waters, and my eye a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain daughter of my people!

11:14 God speaks to Jeremiah,,, “Do not pray for this people.”

Jeremiah 13:22 “Can a leopard change his spots?”

Vice President Gore, “ Can a leopard change his stripes?”

18:1. Potters wheel symbol...

18:20 They have dug a pit for my life..

19 Potter’s vessel

20: Jeremiah beaten and put in stocks.

Jeremiah lament

20: 14 Cursed be the day on which I was born! The day when my mother born me, let it not be blessed Cursed be the man who brought the news to my father. A son is born to you making him very glad. Let that man be like the cities which the Lord overthrew without pity because he did not kill me in the womb, so my Mother would have been my grave, and her womb for ever great, Why did I come forth from the womb to see toil and sorrow and spend my days in shame.”

22:10 Weep not for the dead but for him who goes away.

23:5 The days are coming when I will rise up from David a righteous branch.... Messiah.. Zerrubabaal.

Ungodly prophets..23

Visions...baskets of figs 24

28 Prophet Hananiah broke Jeremiah yoke,,, ..Jeremiah switches to iron.

31; I will turn mourning into you, Rachel weeping for her children.

31:29. In those days they shall no longer say The fathers have eaten sour grapes and the children’s teeth are set on edge. But every man shall die for his own sin. Behold the days are coming says the Lord when I will make a new covenant.”

32; Jeremiah buys a field at Anathoth.

32:38 They shall be my people and I will be their God.

33:1. The word comes a second time.

36:19. King burns Jeremiah’s scroll.

37:15 Jeremiah imprisoned.

51: The Lord will judge Babylon

Jehoiachim dined at the kings table without his prison garment... 52:31