RELS. 211

finish last lecture on herem, etc. pp. 202

Now that we have completed: Gen, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy and Joshua let us turn our attention to Judges.

God uses the unlikely.


Encountered Canaanite culture.

Fertility and storm God Baal, El, Baal, Ashirat (Asherah), Anath (Ashtart) Read pp. 214.

Note: The Deuteronomic pattern in the book of Judges. Pp. 222

+ Yam (Lotham (Leviathan) Mot pp. 216



Major Judges..

Othniel 3:7-11

Ehud 3:12-30

Deborah (Barak) ( Jael) Ch. 4-5

Gideon Ch 6-8

Jephthah 10:6 - 12_7

Samson Ch 13-16

(Samuel) Book of Samuel

Minor Judges

Shamgar 3:31

Tola Jair 10:1-5



Abdon 12:8-15

Abimelech..abortive effort to be Israel’s first king. Ch 9

Judge = shophet... to judge, to justify, to deliver

to defend the right cause

punishment of offender, vindication of the innocent, restoration of the right order of things...

Military leaders who deliver from enemies, charismatic leaders.

Against the Canaanites, Moabites, Midianites, Ammonites..

And the people of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the Lord and served the Baals..So the anger of the Lord was kindle against Israel and he gave them over to ;plunderers... Then the Lord

raised up judges who saved them out of the power of those who plundered them...for the Lord.

I. First Judge... Othniel 3:7-11

Oppression of a Mesopotamian King..,Problem

II. Second Judge..EHUD 3:7-11


Left Handed (discuss left handedness) sinister in Latin, Hindu concept left hand for toilet duties, etc. (Story of Prof. ).. Fat king, concealed dagger, tell story,

Shake hands , give him the sword and the hilt went in after the blade and the fat. closed over the blade, for he did not draw the sword out of the belly; and the dirt (shit) came out. Then he closed the roof chamber and locked it.

He is only relieving himself in the closet (toilet) of the cool chamber (water closet).” EHUD escaped, and they killed 10,000 Moabites. And the land had rest for eighty years.

III. Third Judge ...Deborah

Song of Deborah, Ch. 5 oldest poem of its length in the O.T., and a later prose account Ch. 4.

Barak the commander spurred to action by Deborah, Jael the Israel Yellow Rose and her actions.

Read Song and prose story

Differences in two accounts;

Prose story... Deborah is a prophetess living in the central hills of Ephraim

Battle in region of Mt. Tabor

Jael the wife of Heber puts a tent peg through his temples as he sleeps

In the poem the tribe of Issachar in Galilee.

Battle by the waters of Megiddo (place of Armageddon)

Jail strikes him as he stands drinking curds in a Lordly bowl.

Picture of Sisera’s mothers is masterpiece in bible of Hebrew poetry. Read this.

IV. Fourth Judge Gideon... Most popular who lead his tribe Manasseh repulse camel riding Midianites

reduction of army from thousands to three hundred signify dependance of God... Gideon has a Baal name Jerubbaal (Baal contends, father has a fertility shrine, Gideon fashions an ephod to thank God.

Gideon’s strategy,,, The sword of the Lord and Gideon.

Every one that laps the water with his tongue

Every one that kneels down to drink

I will deliver you with the 300 men that lapped

Jars covered A sword for the Lord and Gideon.

Blew three hundred trumpets.. Broke the jars and the torches would shine forth.

Modern examples..

Three battles in the American Revolution...

A. Ft. Ticonderoga.. Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain boys... Surrender in the name of God and the Continental congress,, drinks before,, “Come out of their you damn old rat.. Ethan Allen famous atheist.

B. Battle of Vincinnes, George Rodgers Clark, tell story.

C. Cowpens.. Nathaniel Green (Mention the movie The Patriot).

V. Fifth Judge

Jephthah..delivers the Gileadities from the Ammlknites,, His rash vow before the battle,, Ch 11 ,& 12. Not human sacrifice,

VI. Sixth Judge Samson Chapters 13-16

Samson becomes a members of the Nazirites, no haircut = sign of strength, prebirth instructions, drink no wine or strong drink and eat nothing unclean.

The boy grew and the Lord blessed him.

Saw a daughter of the Philistines,,, “Get her for me as wife!. Seeking an occasion against the Philistines.

Tore a lion asunder

Talked with a women who pleased him. Swarm of bees in the body of the lion.

Put a riddle to the PHILISTINES...

Out of the eater came something to eat,

Out of the strong came something sweet.”

They could not answer in three days.

On the fourth day they asked Samson’s wife Tell us the riddle lest we burn you and your father’s house.

Samson’s wife,,,”: You only hate me, you do not love me; you have put a riddle to my countrymen and you have not told me what it was.

She wept for seven days, then he told her

The men answered the riddle.

If you had not plowed with my heifer you would not have found out my riddle.”

The Spirit of the Lord came upon him and he killed thirty men of the town and gave their clothing to those who had learned the riddle. In anger returned home and gave his wife to the best man.

Went to visit his wife,,, father said, “ I thought you hated her, so I gave her to your companion... Take the younger sister instead..

This time I am blameless when I do mischief.

Caught three hundred foxes and lit their tails and sent them through the fields,, Why has he done this.. So the Philistines came and burned her and her father.

Then he smote them with great slaughter.

Countrymen came to hand him over to Philistines.

They bound him with two new ropes,, ‘He broke them and with the jawbone of an s ass he slew 1,000 men.


Went in to a harlot at Gaza. Pulled up the gate and the posts.

Love a women whose name was Delilah..

What is your strength\??

Bind me with fresh bowstrings..

Bind me with new ropes

weave seven locks of my head with a web and make it tight with a pin

(I love you with all of my heart...

His soul was vexed to death

If I be shaved...

She made him sleep upon her knees and called in a man and had him shave off seven locks of his head..

The Philistines seized him and gouged out his eyes.

Hair grew back ground at the mill in prison, stand between the pillars, and brought down the house.

Israelites and Philistines (Phoenicians) City States... Molech is God.

Hebrew Paul Bunyan (West) Tribe of Dan, near the Philistine Cities. Close relationship

Samson spoiled child... Wants wife from Philistines... Marries one... Various struggles Delilah


Last major judge ... who is also a Prophet and a seer.