Intro Micah was the fourth of the eighth century prophets. Amos and Hosea were prophets to the North. First Isaiah and Micah were prophets to the South

Zephaniah, Nahum and Habakkuk lived in the time that Judah is attacked by Assyria and withstand ... as did Isaiah and Micah, they see deliverance coming in the form of Babylonia ,but they are not totally happy about it.. See Habakkuk

Lecture .... Zephaniah, Nahum & Habakkuk


Chapter 5, Jerusalem shall become a heap

Half century no prophet between Micah and Zephaniah.

Hezekiah’s son...Manasseh... Darkest king in Judah’s history... Human sacrifice, including the sacrifice of his son.. Martyred the aged IST Isaiah.

Followed by Amon 642-640, assassinated, His son Josiah 640-609, king at age of eight. Josiah praise as good king. Period when Babylon replaces Assyria..

Sennacherib murdered in 681,

last two kings,,, Esarhaddon 681-669, & Ashurbanipal 669-633.

Asshur fell , then Nineveh... Egypt sent support to the Assyrians, ...Josiah was killed at Megiddo 609 with Pharaoh Necho, Palestine controlled by Egypt, ... In 605-562 battle at Carchemish Nebuchadrezzer defeated the Egyptians... check page 345 & 346.

Read about oracles pp. 347.



1:2 I will utterly sweep away everything...I will overthrow the wicked, I will cut off mankind from the face of the earth..I will stretch out my hand against the inhabitants of Judah, and against all the inhabitants of Jerusalem...those who bow down on the roofs to the hosts of heavens. (More Babylonian than Assyrian) of the spheres.

1:7 Be silent before the Lord God! For the day of the Lord is at hand the lord has prepared a sacrifice and consecrated the guests...### The Famous Dies Ire... The Terrible Day of Yahweh!

1 : 14 The great day of the Lord is near, near and hastening fast

2: Come together and hold assembly O shameless nation before you are driven away.

Woe to 5 inhabitants of seacoasts, 12 Ethiopians, 15. What a desolation a she has become a lair for wild beasts! Everyone who passes by her hisses and shakes his fist ( Nineveh??)

Or Jerusalem

3:3 Her officials within her are roaring lions, her judges are evening wolves that leave nothing till morning, Her prophets are wanton faithless men; her priests profane what is sacred, they do violence to the law...

Future Hope

3:14 Sing aloud O daughter of Zion shout O Israel, Rejoice and exult O daughter of Jerusalem..The Lord has taken away the judgments against you, he has cast out your enemies. The Lord your God is in your midst a warrior who gives you victory

((( Current sermon...After Nazis comes a warrior nation.. After Assyria / Babylon comes a new nation.)

AT that time I will bring you home 3:20


Nineveh falls after a three months siege by Medes and Babylonians. 612 B.C.

High Literary Quality, Irony, “That Nahum’s exultation in Assyria’s ruin is unworthy of the prophetic ethic at is best is undeniable.. ... He (Nahum) missed a chance to use the lesson of Nineveh as a plea for Judah’s own repentance.” James King West... p. 351.



1:1 An oracle concerning Nineveh the vision of Nahum of Elkosh

The Lord is a jealous God and avenging, wrathful, slow to anger but will by no means clear the guilty.

Who can stand before his indignation

1:12 Though they be strong and many they will be cut off and pass away

2:1 The shatterer has come up against you, Man the ramparts.

2:6 The river gates are open the palace is in dismay; its mistress is stripped and she is carried off, her maidens lamenting moaning like doves and beating their breasts.

2:8 Nineveh is like a pool who waters run away.. Halt Halt they cry but none turn back.

3:1 Woe to the bloody city.

3:5. Behold I am against you says the Lord of hosts and will life up your skirt over your face; and I will let nations look on your nakedness and kingdoms on your shame. I will throw filth at you and treat you with contempt, and make you a gazing stock.

((Shame...Puritans stocks, whipping.) Etc.

3:10 your little ones are dashed in pieces. ( baby throws)

Behold your troops are like women in your midst.

Your shepherds are asleep

310 All who hear the news of you clap their hands over you. For upon whom has not come your unceasing evil?


(Richard, You need to correct your references!)

Bel and the Dragon... Story of Habakkuk mission to Babylon to assist Daniel...

Dialogue between God and Habakkuk on the problem of evil.



Prophet. 1:1 How long shall I cry for help

Justice goes forth perverted.


Look among the nations and see , wonder and be astonished... I am doing work in your days, I am rousing the Chaldeans ( Babylonians)

Dread and terrible are they

They sweep by like the wind and go on, guilty men, whose own might is their god. (Might makes right.)



Art thou not from everlasting to everlasting... net illustration

1:17 Is he then to keep on emptying his net and mercilessly slaying nations for every?? !!!!!!!

2:1 I will take my stand to watch and station myself on the tower



Write the vision

Behold he whose soul is not upright in him shall fail, but the righteous shall live by his faith.

((Paul’s verse...The righteous shall live by faith Romans 1:7, Galatians 3:11 Heb 10:38-39

2:9 Woe to him who gets evil gain for his house, for the stone will cry out from the wall and the beam from the woodwork responds...Woe to him who makes his neighbor drink of the cup of his wrath and makes them drunk to gaze\ on their shame...( Practice of making people drunk before rape))

The workmen trust his own creation when he makes dumb idols, behold it is overlaid with gold and silver and there is no breath in it.

But the Lord is in his holy temple, let all the earth keep silent before him (Worship introduction)


3: 16. I hear and my body trembles, to rottenness enters into my bones my steps totter beneath me, I

I will quietly wait for the day of trouble to come upon the people who invade us God the Lord is my strength he makes my feet like hinds legs, he makes me tread upon the high places...