continuous culture in world. India, Mesopotamia and Egypt earlier,
but did not survive.
dynasty 2205 - 1766 b.c.e
Shang “ 1766 - 1122 b.c.e
Chou “ 1122 - 249 b.c.e
Tzu & Confucius lived during the second half of this dynasty -
841 - 249 b.c.e
Confucianism & Taoism (Daoism)
Large land mass and immense river systems
... Neolithic settlement
Mixture of nature worship & reverence for ancestors.
formed earth and sky out of primal chaos, that resembled an egg.
He transformed himself nine times a day. Sky became ten feet higher and the earth ten feet thicker.
Lived for 18,000 years.
voice = thunder
When he died
body = five sacred mountains of China
eyes = sun and moon
fat = streams
Yu Ch’ao taught men to build houses
Sui Jen taught how to make fire
Fu Hsi taught how to fish with nets, domesticate animals
Shen Nung taught agriculture
Ti (yellow emperor) invented war, and building with bricks, built
temple, invented calendar.
animism - ancestor worship
souls of departed enter into natural objects, rivers, mountains, hover above land
ones have souls who entered sky.
were sacrificing to ancestor, spirits of fields, mountains, rivers,
winds, earth and heaven
of drums, flutes, bells
bones 2nd millennium b.c.e.
Most important nature spirits
Earth = SHE
Heaven = TI
TI becomes SHANG TI, Missionaries made = GOD
= T’IEN = Council of Gods Sky God
= Cosmic order
- DAO & yin - yang.
= son of heaven
TI + T’IEN =
sacrifice -> 201 b.c.e Ch’in emperor buried, killed his
- Stone models -> paper models...